Tips for visiting mountains safely

Tips for visiting mountains safely

It is crucial to go to the mountains with the right equipment, knowledge and respect for the mountain environment.

Before you go to the mountains

Before entering the park, find out about the current conditions

Before entering the park, find out about the current conditions

Check the special page, dedicated to Current conditions in the park. You can find information on weather, closed hiking and mountaineering trails and other information before your visit.

Current Conditions
See a selection of mountain rescue service tips on mountain safety.

Tell someone in the valley where you are going, what your destinations are and when you plan to return.

Write in the summit log books, as this can be useful to mountain rescuers in case they need to look for you.

Book your accommodation in a mountain hut in advance. If you are not going on the hike, cancel your reservation.

Reservation of mountain huts


Map of mountain huts

Choosing a trail

Choose trails suited to your psycho-physical abilities, knowledge and experience, and adapt to the weakest participant on the tour.

A route plan is the first step towards safer mountain visits. Walking on 'spur of the moment' is discouraged.

DON'T GO OFF-TRAIL! If you get lost, retrace your steps and look for the signpost.

DO NOT continue into the unknown!


The Knafelč sign marks mountain trails in Slovenia:




Mountain trails are classified according to difficulty as:

  Easy trails

 They are suitable for walking with trekking poles and do not require the use of your hands.

  Difficult trails

 There are parts where you need to use your hands to help yourself. Steel cables and other equipment to increase safety are on the trail. The use of a helmet is recommended.

  Very difficult trails

Use our hands to move forward is mandatory. Steel cables, iron pegs, and other equpment are on the trail to facilitate upward movement. The use of a helmet, climbing harness and self-protection kit is recommended.

Conditions and notices

Check the condition of the trails before you go into the mountains.

You can check the status of the trail at:

Condition of the trails



You can check trail closure alerts on the Outdooractive app by clicking on Maps and trails -> Additional layers -> Notices and closures and on the map below.

Avalanche warnings


Always check the weather forecast before you go to the mountains. Weather conditions in the mountains are very variable and extreme, even in summer.

Temperatures can change quickly, especially at higher altitudes. Even in the summer months we can be surprised by very low temperatures, especially at night. Make sure you have enough warm clothes with you.


In the summer months, afternoon thunderstorms are common in mountainous areas. Plan your trips so that you return to the valley before the afternoon, when storms are most likely. Watch out for approaching storm clouds                           

Overview of mountain and other trails in the park - potiPZS

Equipment in the mountains

We go to the mountains wearing quality soled mountaineering boots, semi-high or high, to protect our ankles.

Sandals, trainers and other lighter footwear can cause accidents!


Whether walking, running or cycling, mountain equipment should always be in your rucksack:

  • personal first aid kit
  • head torch and spare batteries
  • an aluminium foil or large black bag or bivy sack (for thermal protection in case of an accident or unplanned bivouacking)
  • mobile phone with full battery
  • mountain map and compass
  • iron food (food with high energy value and long shelf life)
  • sufficient amount of water

What to do in case of an accident?

Members of the Mountain Rescue Association of Slovenia (GRS) rescue in the Slovenian mountains.

In case of an accident, call 112 or send a text message.


  • WHO is calling
  • WHAT happened and WHERE
  • WHEN it happened                                                     
  • HOW MANY casualties
  • WHAT are the casualties
  • WHAT help do you need

Try to remain calm. This will also help to calm other participants. Assess the situation and protect YOURSELF and the INJURED PERSON from immediate dangers. Provide first aid within the limits of your knowledge and ability.

Only use the helicopter emergency signal if there are no rescuers in the vicinity of the accident!

Source: Zavarovalnica Triglav, Vse bo: v redu

1st picture: MESSAGE: The injured person is in this specific direction. You can do that if you definetly know, where the injured person is located.

2nd picture: MESSAGE: We need help.

3rd picture: MESSAGE: We don't need help.



What to do when we get caught in a lightning storm?

There is no protection against lightning; prevention is the main defence. We head for the mountains early so that we can be in the valley or in the hut during afternoon thunderstorms. If we are caught in a storm, we should get away from exposed places, especially by the rocks or red rock. Remove metal objects!

Sit on a rope or backpack, take off your helmet with its metal parts and stay as low as possible. Avoid exposed objects and wet ravines and watercourses. We are safest on scree, sitting on a backpack. When descending, keep at least 20 metres between individuals.

Source: Petzl

The saftey tips were made with the help of Mountain association of Slovenia materials :

Odbor za usposabljanje in preventivo Planinske zveze Slovenije, Matjaž Šerkezi, strokovni sodelavec, junij 2019

Discover the high mountains under the guidance of IFMGA-licensed mountain guides.

Združenje gorskih vodnikov Slovenije
Ob železnici 30a,
1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija

Mountain guide list