The Triglav National Park (TNP) is the only Slovenian national park. The park was named after Triglav, the highest mountain in the heart of the park, which is also the highest summit in Slovenia (2864 m). The origin of the name Triglav is rather uncertain. Triglav (»three-headed«) owes its name to its characteristic shape as seen from the south-east side or to the highest Slavic deity who was supposed to have its throne on the top of the mountain. The mountain is a true national symbol and is featured on the national coat of arms and the flag.
The Triglav National Park extends along the Italian border and close to the Austrian border in the north-west of Slovenia, that is, in the south-eastern section of the Alps. Its territory is nearly identical with that occupied by the Eastern Julian Alps. The park covers 880 square kilometres, or 3% of the territory of Slovenia. The Triglav National Park is one of the oldest European parks; the first protection dates back to 1924 when the Alpine Conservation Park was founded. The principal task of the Triglav National Park Public Institution is the protection of the park, but it also carries out specialist and research tasks.
|TNP history milestones:||1906 or 1908 – first proposal by Prof. Albin Belar; unfortunately, the idea was not realized|
1924 – The Alpine Conservation Park in the Triglav Lakes Valley was founded (1600 ha)
1961 – The decree promulgating the Triglav Lakes Valley as the Triglav National Park (2000 ha)
1981 – the Law on the Triglav National Park defined the park's present borders
2003 – The Julian Alps and the Triglav National Park were included into the UNESCO MaB (Man and Biosphere) network
2004 – The Park was awarded the European Diploma of Protected Areas
2007 - European Union Prize for cultural heritage / Europa Nostra awards for the safeguarding of a rare and authentic example of 18th century alpine architectural and ethnological heritage on Pocar Farm in Zgornja Radovna.
|Total area:||83.807 ha|
|Central area:||55.332 ha|
|Peripheral area:||28.475 ha|
|Highest point:||Triglav – 2864 m|
|Lowest point:||Tolminka Gorge – 180 m|
|Landscape features:||Young folded ranges of the Eastern Julian Alps, diverse relief forms with pointed summits, steep rock faces and deeply-carved glacier valleys.|
|Climate:||Average temperatures in the warmest month range from 20 °C in the valley and 5.6 °C in the mountains, and in the coldest month the temperatures range between 0.7 °C and – 8,8 °C. The annual average of precipitation exceeds 1500 mm. There are 120 to 146 precipitation days in a year.|
|Forest:||Forest covers two thirds of the park territory; the predominating tree species on the south side of the park is the beech, whereas spruces and larches are characteristic of the northern side of the park.|
|Waters:||Subterranean waters, karst springs, water courses and glacier lakes are invaluable TNP assets. The mountain ridges between the Sava and the Soča rivers mark the watershed between the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.|
|Number of settlements:||33 (21 entirely, 12 partly)|
|Number of inhabitants:||2.444 (Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, October 2010)|
|Municipalities in the park:||Bovec (30.9%), Bohinj (26.1%), Kranjska Gora (16.5%), Bled (4%), Tolmin (8.5%), Kobarid (3.9%), Gorje (10%) and Jesenice (0.1%).|
|Human activities:||Agriculture with pastoral economy, crafts (wood and wool products), tourism|
|Local produce:||Bovec Sheep Cheese, Tolminc Cheese, Mohant Cheese and wood and wool products|
|Average annual number of visitors:||1,6 million|
|Number of TNP Public Institution employees:||63 (December 2012)|
|Managing authority:||Triglav National Park Public Institution|
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Some photos of the Triglav National Park from the Flickr webportal.