Grazing on highland pastures as a traditional farming practice in mountain areas is a vital condition for the existence of certain valley farms and a significant nature conservation factor.
Mountain pastures have marked 5,000 years of human presence in the Julian Alps. From the French Alps in the west to the Slovenian Alps in the east, economic activity has arisen from thousands of years of experience and growing knowledge and understanding of nature whose only guarantee of survival was its relationship to nature. The fundamental principles of alpine dairy farming are: to use natural resources without using them up, to exploit without abusing, and to take while also preserving and protecting.
High-quality dairy products, produced and sold on the pasture, are more than food for visitors, and a welcome sourece of income for the farmer.